19–23 Jun 2023
Hofburg Palace & Online
Europe/Vienna timezone

Spatial and Temporal Variations in Coda Q Attenuation of Seismic Waves in the Lower St. Lawrence Region, Southeastern Canada

20 Jun 2023, 11:00


Board: 1
E-poster T1.2 The Solid Earth and its Structure Lightning talks: P1.2-2


Amir Mansour Farahbod (Geological Survey of Canada)


We investigated seismic attenuation characteristics of the Lower St. Lawrence seismic zone. This zone is located ~400 km downstream from Quebec City and is between the Quebec North Shore and the Lower St. Lawrence. Coda Q was determined using 847 earthquakes (2.0 ≤ M ≤ 5.1) recorded on ten stations of the Canadian National Seismic Network (CNSN) in Quebec from 1985 to 2022. We find that the lowest overall average of Q0 (Q at 1 Hz) values are at the three stations (GSQ, ICQ and SMQ) within 100 km of a moderate earthquake of mN 5.1 in 1999 (e.g., Q0 of 81, 88 and 80, respectively). We determined temporal variations in attenuation following the 1999 earthquake. The overall average of Q0 decreased from 87 (before the mainshock) to 77 (GSQ), from 92 to 85 (ICQ) and from 88 to 82 (SMQ). These results are in agreement with global studies that show a decrease in Q0 following a major earthquake, likely the result of increased fracturing and fluids in the epicentral region. An average for all the data results in a Q relationship of QC = 86f^1.07 for the frequency band of 2 to 16 Hz for the entire region.

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Our presentation provides an overall knowledge about coda Q in a region in southeastern Canada which is one of the most useful parameters for the study of earth structure and seismic hazard assessments.

E-mail [email protected]
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Primary authors

Amir Mansour Farahbod (Geological Survey of Canada) Dr John F. Cassidy (Geological Survey of Canada)

Presentation materials