Natural disasters are a serious disruption to the functioning of a community involving significant damage and loss of human life that the community cannot overcome with its own resources. The effects are often cumulative and felt over time and space. Thus, it is imperative to put in place a good prevention and risk management system that makes it possible to optimize actions, especially when resources are limited. This optimization necessarily requires a combination of the efforts and resources of the actors involved in the system. That is to say through close collaboration and coordination between the state, communities and partners. Aware of this need, Niger has created structures and put in place tools for early warning, assessment and emergency response. This paper gives a brief overview of Niger's experience in risk and disaster assessment techniques and the prospects in terms of capacity building in this area.
Natural hazards and their impacts on populations can vary over time and space. They can arise suddenly or evolve slowly but in either case they can be devastating for a community, country or region. The awareness by stakeholders of the impacts of dangerous phenomena (natural and