19–23 Jun 2023
Hofburg Palace & Online
Europe/Vienna timezone

Hydroacoustic Modeling in a Rapidly Evolving Arctic Ocean

20 Jun 2023, 09:00


Board: 6
E-poster T1.3 The Oceans and their Properties Lightning talks: P1.3, P1.4, P5.2


Ms Siobhan Niklasson (Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL))


The Arctic Ocean is rapidly warming. The hydroacoustic environment will be impacted by the changing thermohaline structure, increased marine traffic, changes in sea ice coverage, and possible increases in microseism/storm noise. This will inevitably lead to obsolescence for today’s ocean acoustic models. The only sophisticated way to make predictions is using decadal to centennial integrations of fully coupled Earth system models (ESMs). At the Los Alamos National Laboratory we are working to create the first version of an ESM, the Department of Energy’s Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM), capable of driving an acoustics model in a rapidly evolving Arctic Ocean. Here we analyse existing E3SM simulations to investigate how well we currently capture water properties for the upper 1000 m of the Arctic water column, including changes that could impact acoustic wave propagation. We present preliminary results of model validation against temperature and salinity observations from ice-tethered ocean profilers. The goal of this effort is to provide boundary ocean conditions to the acoustic model, to enable quantification of the ocean acoustic implications of climate change as well as to create a climate aware atlas of global acoustic noise and propagation adjustments for non-proliferation signal detection.

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We use an Earth System Model to estimate physical properties affecting acoustic propagation in a rapidly changing Arctic Ocean and compare the results to measured hydroacoustic travel times.

E-mail [email protected]

Primary authors

Ms Siobhan Niklasson (Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)) Ms Susan Bilek (New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology)


Mr Andrew Roberts (Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)) Ms Charlotte Rowe (Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)) Matthew Dzieciuch (University of California San Diego (UCSD)) Ms Milena Veneziani (Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)) Peter Worcester (University of California San Diego (UCSD)) Stephen Price (Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL))

Presentation materials