19–23 Jun 2023
Hofburg Palace & Online
Europe/Vienna timezone

Further Improvement and Testing of a Prototype for the Measurement of a Liquid Argon Scintillation

22 Jun 2023, 10:00


Board: 46
E-poster T3.3 On-Site Inspection Techniques Lightning talks: P1.1, P3.3


Sergei Pakhomov (Khlopin Radium Institute of the "Rosatom" State Corp.)


One of the most conclusive evidences of a violation of the CTBT is the presence in the subsoil air of elevated concentrations of Ar-37 radionuclide, which is formed in large quantities in the interaction of neutrons with calcium in rocks. Traditionally, to measure the activity of Ar-37, proportional gas counters are used, which are filled with a counting gas prepared from samples of argon with the addition of methane. Further reduction of the detection limit of Ar-37 is limited by the difficulty of a significant increase of argon sample volume placed in a proportional counter. Installation for the detection of Ar-37 low activities based on the liquid scintillation principle was developed at the Khlopin Radium Institute under contract with the CTBTO. The role of the scintillator in this installation is performed by the liquefied preparation of extracted from soil air argon itself. The use of liquefied argon samples allows one to multiply the volume of the measured samples without increasing the size of the measuring cell and shield elements, and allows significant reduction of detection limits of Ar-37. This presentation contains the description of installation improvements and the results obtained during its testing.

Promotional text

One of the main objectives of the conference is to identify opportunities and possible solutions for the continuous improvement of the control and verification of nuclear tests. The theme of our presentation is fully consistent with the achievement of this goal.

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Primary author

Sergei Pakhomov (Khlopin Radium Institute of the "Rosatom" State Corp.)


Ekaterina Kurysheva (Khlopin Radium Institute of the "Rosatom" State Corp.) Gennadii Shakhetov (Khlopin Radium Institute of the "Rosatom" State Corp.) Tatiana Kuzmina (Khlopin Radium Institute of the "Rosatom" State Corp.)

Presentation materials