19–23 Jun 2023
Hofburg Palace & Online
Europe/Vienna timezone

Spatio-temporal Variations of Short-period S Wave Attenuation Field in the Region of the Semipalatinsk Test Site (Using Recordings of Nuclear and Chemical Explosions)

20 Jun 2023, 15:00


Oral T2.5 Historical Data from Nuclear Test Monitoring O2.5 Historical Data from Nuclear Test Monitoring


Ms Inna Sokolova (Geophysical Survey Russian Academy of Sciences)


We have been considering spatio-temporal variations of S wave attenuation field structure in the region of the Semipalatinsk test site (STS). We studied variations of amplitude ratio for Lg and Pg waves (parameter Lg/Pg) using seismograms of underground nuclear explosions (UNEs) and also calibration and quarry explosions, obtained by stations TLG and MKAR. We revealed essential temporal variations of parameter Lg/Pg for the UNEs at three main sites of the STS. At the end of 1980s mean Lg/Pg values are considerably lower for the Balapan site in comparison with two other sites. We have studied characteristics of S coda envelopes using recordings of the chemical explosions, obtained by close stations on the STS territory. The data obtained show that minimal quality values for temporal stations in the STS region (~40-55 for frequency 1.25 Hz) are considerably lower than in the seismically active North Tien Shan region (~60-80). It is supposed that the spatio-temporal variations of the attenuation field structure in the STS region are connected with deep-seated fluids migration in the earth’s crust and uppermost mantle, stipulated by long term intensive UNEs influence on the geological medium.

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The data obtained are useful for discrimination of the UNEs and studying geodynamic processes in the regions of large test sites.

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Primary author

Ms Inna Sokolova (Geophysical Survey Russian Academy of Sciences)


Mr Yuri Kopnichev (Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences)

Presentation materials