19–23 Jun 2023
Hofburg Palace & Online
Europe/Vienna timezone

Simulations and Analyses of Source Physics Experiments: Impact on Explosion Monitoring and Discrimination

20 Jun 2023, 11:55


Oral T2.3 Seismoacoustic Sources in Theory and Practice O2.3 Seismoacoustic Sources in Theory and Practice


Mr Souheil Ezzedine (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL))


The Source Physics Experiments (SPE) are a series of controlled chemical explosions at the Nevada National Security Site to gather observations, validate physics-based numerical models and understand the genesis of shear waves to improve nuclear discrimination and monitoring capabilities. Executed between 2011 and 2016, Phase I of SPE encompassed six collocated chemical explosions executed in hard granite with different yields at different depths. Phase II included four chemical explosions executed in 2018 and 2019 in soft dry alluvium. Phase III, however, includes two planned chemical explosions in a dominant dolomite geology and collocated with a 1993 shallow earthquake. LLNL has developed a comprehensive numerical framework to simulate from source-to-receivers, the waves generated from the non-linear explosion source-region to linear-elastic seismoacoustic distances. We present the analysis of SPE Phases I & II collected data, summarize how modeling predictions compared to observed data and draw lessons learned. We share insight on the main mechanisms of generating shear motions in granite, alluvium and dolomite. Moreover, we developed schemes of uncertainty propagation of the geological characterization and geophysical parameters. We present impacts of those uncertainties on designing of Phase III tests, predicting the near-field responses of planned tests, and enhancing source discrimination.

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First, we bring numerical solutions to. Continuously. improve nuclear test discrimination, monitoring, and verification. Second, through broader scientific collaborations, support (inter)national needs, and help validating and verifying the CTBT decision and monitoring tools.

E-mail [email protected]
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Primary author

Mr Souheil Ezzedine (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL))


Mr Oleg Vorobiev (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)) Mr William R. Walter (U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration) Mr Jeffrey Wagoner (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)) Mr Tarabay Antoun (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL))

Presentation materials